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Samba Dashami Brata Katha and Puja Vidhi Odia
Samba Dashami vrat, also known as Surya Puja, is observed on the 10th day in Shukla Paksha in Pausha Month in Odisha. In 2021, Samba Dashami date or Surya Puja date is January 23. This festival is dedicated to Surya Bhagwan, mainly observed in Odisha.
On the day of Samba Dashami, the women in the family wake before sunrise. After bathing they prepare dishes such as Khichdi, Oriya Puri, and Ghadghadia Tarkari (a curry), and offer them to the Sun God at sunrise.. One of the specific characters of this ritual is variety of individual food item is offered to Sun God in the name of each member of the family, especially children. Once the food items have been offered to the Surya, the women prepare a set of cake-like dishes called Pitha (cake), which includes Manda Pitha, Kakara Pitha, Poda Pitha, Arisha Pitha, Biri Laddoo, Makar Chaula, Chhenaguda, Dhanu Muaan, Khiri, Rasagola, Jhilli, Chhenagaja, and Sweet Curd.
Samba Dashami Puja Vidhi
In the evening, another Puja is observed as a part of the Samba Dasami ritual. This is ‘Mahakala Puja’, in which special Budha Chakuli is offered to Yama.
After that female folks of the families go on preparing variety of Pitha (Cake) like – Manda Pitha, Kakara Pitha, Arisha Pitha, Biri Laddoo and other items like Makar Chaula, Chhena Guda, Dhanu Muaan; sweet dishes like Khiri, Rasagola, Jhilli, Chhenagaja, Sweet Curd etc. all over the day.
At noon, a bowl of turmeric water with betel in it is taken to ‘chaunra mula’ (a small temple-like structure with a Tulsi plant overhead). All the cooked food is served on plates. The women in the family view the Sun God through the bowl of turmeric water and offer all the dishes to the Sun God. They read the legend of ‘Samba Dasami Brata Katha’ and pray for the well-being of all family members.
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