Governor General of India List 2021 PDF

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Governor General of India List 2021

The governor-general originally had power only over the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal. The Regulating Act, however, granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defense. The other presidencies of the East India Company (Madras, Bombay and Bencoolen) were not allowed to declare war on or make peace with an Indian prince without receiving the prior approval of the governor-general and Council of Fort William.

List of Governors-General of Bengal

YearGovernors-General of BengalMajor Reforms & Events
1772-1785Warren HastingsFirst Governor of BengalEnd to the dual system of administration
Regulating Act of 1773
Supreme court at Calcutta
Asiatic Society of Bengal
First Anglo-Maratha War and Treaty of Salbai
First English translation of Bhagavad Gita
Pitt’s India Act-1784
1786-1793Lord CornwallisEstablishment of Appellate courts and lower grade courtsEstablishment of Sanskrit college
Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam
Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services
1793-1798Sir John ShoreCharter act of 1793Policy of Non-intervention
Battle of Kharda
1798-1805Lord WellesleyIntroduction of Subsidiary Alliance SystemFourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein
Second Anglo – Maratha war
Establishment of Madras presidency
Establishing Fort William College at Calcutta
1805-1807Sir George BarlowThe Acting Governor-General of India until the arrival of Lord Minto,
Diminished the area of British territory because of his passion for economy and retrenchment,
The Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806
1807-1813Lord Minto IConcluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809,Introduced the Charter Act of 1813
1813-1823Lord HastingsThe policy of Non-intervention came to an end third Anglo-Maratha war Abolition of Peshwaship Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras (By Thomas Munroe) and Bombay Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay
1823-1828 Lord AmherstThe annexation of Assam leading to the first Burmese war of 1824, The mutiny of Barrackpore in 1824

Governors-General of India

YearGovernors-General of IndiaMajor Reforms
1828-1835Lord William BentinckFirst Governor-General of India (Charter Act of 1833 made Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of India.)
Abolition of Sati
Suppression of Thugi, infanticide and child sacrifices.
English Education Act of 1835
Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata
1835-1836Lord Charles Metcalfe‘Liberator of the Indian press
detached all restraints on an open press
1836-1842Lord AucklandDedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry of India
The first Anglo-Afghan war
1842-1844Lord EllenboroughSindh was annexed
1844-1848Lord Hardinge IFirst Anglo Sikh War (1845-46)
Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India)Introduced ‘Doctrine of Lapse‘
Doctrine of Good
Charles Wood Dispatch
Post Office Act, 1854
1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane
Established engineering college in Roorkee
Second Anglo-Sikh War
First telegraph line
Establishment of the Public Works Department
Abolition of titles and pensions.
Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services
Widow Remarriage Act
1856-1857Lord CanningThree universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857 were established
Revolt of 1857 took place
Note – Post-1857 Revolt, Governor-General of India was made Viceroy of British India and Canning became the first Viceroy of India/British India.

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