5000 Idioms and Phrases PDF

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5000 Idioms and Phrases

Idioms and phrases are expressions in a language that has a meaning different from the literal interpretation of the individual words. These expressions often carry cultural or contextual significance and are commonly used in everyday speech and writing. Understanding and appropriate use of idioms and phrases greatly enhance language skills. The completely revised and updated edition of this reference and practice book looks at the most colorful and fun area of vocabulary. Idioms and Phrases.

Idioms are fixed expressions or phrases that convey a specific meaning different from the literal meaning of the words used. They are often used to add depth, nuance, or humor to language. Idioms and phrases are an integral part of language that add richness and depth to communication. They are non-literal expressions with unique meanings, often influenced by culture and history. Understanding and using idioms appropriately is an important aspect of language fluency.

5000 + Idioms and Phrases PDF with Sentence (Idioms And Phrases With Examples)

  • An Axe to Grind – personal end to serve ( अपना स्वार्थ सिद्ध करना) – People do not trust those who have an axe to grind.
  • At Daggers drawn – open enmity ( घोर शत्रुता)- Rana Pratap and Akbar were at daggers drawn with each other.
  • At Arm’s Length – at a distance ( दूर )- The father advised his son to keep himself at arm’s length from bad boys.
  • At random – without any aim ( बिना किसी उद्देश्य के) – The Soldiers fired their guns at random.
  • A bed of roses – quite comfortable ( फूलो की सेज )- The post of the Prime Ministers is not a bed of roses.
  • At home in – well versed in ( दक्ष ) Ranjit is at home in English
  • A bottle neck – obstacle (अवरोध) In Spite of all the bottle-necks created by his opponents, he got success in his mission.
  • Beat About the bush – to come to the point in a round about way (घुमा फिर कर किसी बात पर आना)- Come to the main point, do not beat about the bush.
  • Bread And Butter – livelihood (जीविका) – Every Person is busy in his bread and butter problem due to dearness.
  • Break the ice – to break silence (मौन का वातावरण तोडना)- When all were silent for a long time I decided to break the ice.
  • Bear the brunt of – to bear the main attack (आक्रमण का मुख्य भाग सहना)- Front Soldiers always bear the brunt of the battle.
  • Bolt from the blue – a great shock (एक बड़ा सदमा)- His mother’s untimely death came to him as a bolt from the blue.
  • Bury the hatchet – to forget the past enmity (पुरानी शत्रुता भुला देना)- It is wise for Ramesh and Hari to bury the hatchet and be friends again.
  • Bring to book – to punish (सजा देना)- The naughty boy was brought to book by the Prinicpal.
  • Between Scylla And Charybdis – between two difficulties (दो कठिनाइयों के मध्य) – If he does not take risk, he will be called a coward. If he does, his life will be in danger. He is between Scylla And Charybdis.
  • Call A spade a spade – to call a thing as it is (साफ़-साफ़ कहना)- Bold person fearlessly call a spade a spade.
  • Call In Question – to doubt (संदेह करना)- He called in question the truth of my statement.
  • Dutch Courage – Courage Excited by Wine (नशे का जोश) – Many People Show Dutch Courage after drinking wine.
  • End In Smoke – to end in nothing (असफल होना )- All his efforts to get a job ended in smoke.
  • Fool’s paradise – foolish hope (मूर्खतापूर्ण अभिलाषा )- The students who think that they can pass the examination without working hard, live in a fool’s paradise.
  • Get rid of – to get relieved or be free from (छुटकारा पाना ) – I wish to get rid of this service.
  • Grease the Palm – to bribe (रिश्वत देना )- If you grease the palm of the clerk, your pension will be sanctioned.
  • Get into hot water – to be in bad circumstances (बुरी परिस्थिति में होना)- Suresh got into hot water due to joining bad company.
  • Hold Water – to be correct (ठीक होना )- Without any eyewitness, your argument in this connection does not hold water.
  • In Cold Blood – with cruel intent (जानबूझकर निर्दयतापूर्वक )- The Servant killed the master in cold blood.
  • Keep the wolf from the door – to keep away starvation (भुखमरी को दूर करना )- His Father has to work day and night to support a big family to keep the wolf from the door.
  • Maiden Speech – First Speech from a public platform (प्रथम भाषण)- The new Secretary made his maiden speech in the function.
  • Nip in the bud – to destroy at the very beginning (आरम्भ में ही नष्ट करना )- All the bad habits must be nipped in the bud.
  • Pell-mell – in confusion (घबराहट में )- The students ran pell-mell at the sight of the Principal.
  • Red Letter Day – an important day ( महत्वपूर्ण दिन )- The 15th August, 1947 is a red letter day in the history of India.
  • Spick And Span – neat and clean (साफ़-सुथरा )- A restaurant that looks spick and span attracts more customers.
  • Time And Tide – course of time (समय की गति)- Time And Tide wait for none.
  • Wild goose Chase – a fruitless attempt ( निष्फल प्रयास )- It was his wild goose chase to expect any help from not very useful.

Idioms And Phrases

Idiom/PhraseMeaning
Decked upPut on special clothes to appear particularly appealing and attractive
Doing the roundsTo be passed from one person to another
Between the cup and the lipsOn the point of achievement
A damp squibComplete failure
Put offAn evasive reply, to delay doing something, especially because you do not want to do it
A dime a dozenAnything that is common and easy to get
Cast iron stomachSomeone who has no problems, complications, or ill effects with eating anything
A mare’s nestA false invention
Takes a beatingTo be damaged because of performing badly or being criticized
A chip on your shoulderBeing upset for something that happened in the past
A toss-upA result that is still unclear and can go either way
An iron handBy force
A taste of your own medicineWhen you are mistreated the same way you mistreat others
At the drop of a hatWilling to do something immediately
A man of strawA weak person
Bite your tongueTo avoid talking
An eyewashA pretense
At sixes and sevensPersons who are having different opinions
Bite off more than you can chewTo take on a task that is way too big to handle
Can’t cut the mustardSomeone who isn’t adequate enough to compete or participate
Call a spade a spadeStraight talk
Don’t count your chickens before they hatchDon’t rely on it until you are sure of it
Dog days of summerThe hottest day of the summer season
Ever and anonNow and then, occasionally
Field dayAn enjoyable day or circumstance
Bits and PiecesSmall things of different types
Kick the bucketDie
Know the ropesTo understand the details
Latin and GreekUnable to understand
Like a chicken with its head cut offTo act in a frenzied manner, crazily
A bird in the hand is worth two in the bushHaving something that is certain is much better than taking a risk for more, because chances are you might lose everything
A blessing in disguiseSomething good that isn’t recognized at first
Bull in a china shopOne who causes damage

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