UPSC Syllabus PDF

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UPSC Syllabus

The Union Public Service Commission in consultation with the Government (Ministry of Mines, the Nodal Ministry) has decided to revise the Scheme, Civil services are preliminary, and the main examination. UPSC New Syllabus 2023 PDF can be downloaded from the link given at the bottom of this page.

This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

UPSC IAS Exam has three exam stages:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for the Mains Exam.
  2. Civil Services Mains Examination (Written) for the selection of candidates for the next level of the UPSC IAS Exam.
  3. Civil Services Personality Test (PT)- The final stage of the selection process.

UPSC Syllabus – Overview

Particulars Prelims Mains
Exam Date 28th May 2023 15th to 19th September 2023
No. of Papers Two Nine
Types of Questions Objective Type Descriptive Type
Duration of Exam 2 hours each 3 hours each
Total Marks 400 1750
Medium of Exam English & Hindi English & Hindi (except language paper)
Negative Marking ⅓rd mark No negative marking
Marks Counted in Merit No Yes

UPSC Syllabus 2023 for GS Paper (Prelims Paper I)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science

UPSC Syllabus for CSAT Paper (Prelims Paper-II)

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

UPSC Exam Pattern 2023

UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023
Paper Subjects Marks No. of Question Duration
I General Studies (GS) 200 100 2 hours (9:30 AM to 11:30 AM)
II CSAT 200 80 2 hours (2:30 PM to 4:30 PM)

UPSC Mains Exam 2023

Qualifying Papers Marks
Paper-A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from
the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
300
Paper-B English 300
Papers Counted for Merit
Paper-I Essay 250
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250
Paper-III General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250
Paper-IV Genera Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250
Paper-V General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250
Sub Total (Written Test) 1750
Personality Test 275
Grand Total 2025

UPSC Mains General Studies I Syllabus

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society:

  • Indian culture covers the salient features of Literature, Art Forms, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history includes significant events, personalities, and issues during the middle of the eighteenth century until the present
  • Various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country in ‘The Freedom Struggle’
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
  • History of the world includes events, forms, and effects on society from the 18th century like world wars, the industrial revolution, colonization, redrawing of national boundaries, decolonization, and political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.
  • Salient Aspects of Diversity of India and Indian Society
  • Role of women and women’s organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and remedies
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent; factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes
  • Salient features of the world’s physical geography.

UPSC Mains General Studies II Syllabus

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations:

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger
  • Role of civil services in a democracy
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • India and its neighborhood- relations
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

UPSC Mains General Studies III Syllabus

Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management:

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science and technology;
  • Indigenisation of technology and developing new technology.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

UPSC Mains General Studies IV Syllabus

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude: This paper includes questions to check the candidate’s attitude and approach towards the issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and their problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by them while dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects and cover area

  • Ethics and Human Interface- Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships
  • Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values
  • Attitude- content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections
  • Emotional intelligence concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration- Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance
  • Probity in Governance- Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information; sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption
  • Case Studies on the above issues.

UPSC New Syllabus – IAS Prelims Exam 2022 – UPSC Syllabus Download in English

In IAS Prelims, UPSC tests the analytical, logical, and reasoning ability of the candidates. The IAS Prelims Exam is divided into two parts:

(i) General Studies Paper-I

(ii) General Studies Paper-II

Both papers have a maximum time limit of two hours and the General Studies Paper-II, which is popularly known as CSAT, is only qualifying in nature. The exam is conducted on a single day with Paper 1 in the morning session and paper 2 in the evening session.

UPSC IAS Syllabus Prelims Exam : GS Paper I

Marks: 200
Duration:  2 hours

SL. No Subject-wise Division Detailed Syllabus
1 History
History of India and Indian Freedom Struggle
Ancient History of India
Medieval History of India
Modern History 1857 to 1947
Indian National Movement
2 Geography
Geography of India and
Concept of Physical Geography
Physical Geography
Human Geography
Economic Geography
World Geography
3 Polity
Indian Polity and Governance issues
Union Executives
State Executives
Federalism in India
Judicial System
Panchayati Raj
4 Economy
Indian Economy and Social Development
Basic Principles of Indian Economy
Social Schemes of Government
Social Development through Economic Empowerment
Sustainable Development
Demographics
5 Environment and Ecology
Principles of Environment and Ecology
General Principles
Climate Change and
Climate Summits and Conferences
6 General Science
Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Technology
General Principles
The Latest Science and Technological Development
7 Current Events
It covers all the events of National and International Importance
Current Affairs
Current Affairs with all Dimensions

UPSC IAS Main Syllabus

Name of Paper Syllabus Marks
Essay Paper Any Topic/Topics (Current issues) 250
GS Paper I Indian Heritage and 250
Culture, Indian History, World History, World Geography, Indian Society, Important Geo-physical phenomena
GS Paper II Governance, Indian Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and 250
International relations, Welfare Schemes, Statutory, regulatory and quasi-judicial bodies, Role of civil services in a democracy, India’s relation with neighbour countries, International institutions,
GS Paper III Technology, 250
Economic Development, Bio diversity,
Environment,
Indian Economy and its various sectors
Government Budgeting
Land Reforms
Inclusive Growth
Security and Disaster Management
GS Paper IV Ethics and Human Interface 250
Attitude
Aptitude
Emotional Intelligence
Emotional Intelligence
Public/Civil service value
Probity in Governance
Case study on above topics
Indian Language Paper (i) Comprehension of given passages 300
(ii) Précis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
(v) Translation from English to the Indian
language and vice-versa
English Comprehension of given passages 300
Précis Writing
Usage and Vocabulary
Short Essays
Optional Paper I As opted by the Candidate 250
Optional Paper-II As opted by the Candidate 250

For more details download the UPSC Syllabus PDF format using the link given below.

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