List of Ligands PDF
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A ligand is an ion or molecule, which donates a pair of electrons to the central metal atom or ion to form a coordination complex. The word ligand is from Latin, which means “tie or bind”. Examples of anionic ligands are F–, Cl–, Br–, I–, S2–, CN–, NCS–, OH–, NH2– and neutral ligands are NH3, H2O, NO, CO.
According to this classification, ligands are divided into two types – chelating agents and ambident ligands: Chelating Agents: These are the ligands that are bonded with the same central metal atom or ion and form a ring-type structure. Usually, bidentate or polydentate ligands fall under this category.
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