List of Important Passes in India 2021 PDF

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List of Important Passes in India 2021

A mountain pass locally is the highest point on the route through a mountain range or over the ridge. It played an important role in trade, war, and migration. It also is known as notches, gaps, saddles, cols, hauses, bwlch (Welsh), bealach or brennig (Gaelic). Important passes are- Zoji La (Pass),Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass),Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass),Jalep La (Pass), etc.

Important Passes in India

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• Zoji La (Pass)-It is in the Zaskar range of Jammu & Kashmir. The road route from Srinagar to Leh goes through this pass. It has been created by the Indus River.

• Banihal Pass-It is in Jammu & Kashmir. The National Highway NO.1 A that links Srinagar to Jammu goes through it. It has been created by the Indus River.

Shipki La (Pass)-It is in Himachal Pradesh. The road from Shimla to Tibet goes through this pass. The Satluj River flows through this pass.

• Bara-Lacha Pass-It is also in Himachal Pradesh. It links Mandi and Leh by road.

Rohtang Pass-It is also in Himachal Pradesh. It cuts through the Pir Panjal range. It links Manali and Leh by road.

• Mana Pass-It is in Uttarakhand. The land route to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

Niti Pass-It is also in Uttarakhand. The road to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

• Nathu La (Pass)-It is in Sikkim. It gives way to Tibet from Darjeeling and Chumbi valley.

• Jalep La (Pass)-It is also in Sikkim and gives way to Bhutan.  The Tista River has created this pass.

Mountain Passes in India

NameStateHeight (ft)Between/ Separating
AsirgarhMadhya Pradesh
Auden’s ColUttarakhand17,552
Banihal PassJammu and Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir)9,291Jammu & Kashmir
Bara-lacha-laHimachal Pradesh16,400
BomdilaArunachal Pradesh
Changla PassJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)17,585Leh & Changthang
Chanshal PassHimachal Pradesh14,830
Dehra CompassJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Debsa PassHimachal Pradesh17,520
Diphu PassArunachal Pradesh4,587
DongkhalaSikkim12,000
Dhumdhar Kandi PassUttarakhand
Fotu LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)13,451
Goecha LaSikkim16,207
Haldighati PassRajasthan
Indrahar PassHimachal Pradesh14,473
Jelep LaSikkim14,300
Khardung LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)17,582Leh & Nubra
Kongka PassJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)16,965Ladakh & Aksai Chin
Lanak PassJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)17,933Ladakh & Tibet
Kunzum PassHimachal Pradesh (Lahaul and Spiti)14,931Lahaul & Spiti
Karakoram PassJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)Ladakh & Xinjiang
Lipulekh PassUttarakhand17,500
Lungalacha LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)16,600
Lamkhaga PassHimachal Pradesh17,336
Marsimik LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)18,314
Mayali PassUttarakhand16,371
Nama PassUttarakhand18,399
Namika LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)12,139
Nathu LaSikkim14,140Sikkim & Tibet
Palakkad GapKerala750Kerala & Tamil Nadu
Thamarassery PassWayanad Kerala1,700Malabar & Mysore
Shenkottai passKollam Kerala690Travancore & Tamil Nadu
Pensi LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Rezang LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Rohtang PassHimachal Pradesh13,051Manali & Lahaul
Sasser laJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)17,753Nubra & Siachen Glacier
Sela PassArunachal Pradesh14,000
Shipki LaHimachal Pradesh
Sia LaJammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)18,337
Shingo LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Spangur GapJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Gyong LaJammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)18,655
Bilafond LaJammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)17,881
Sin LaUttarakhand
Tanglang LaJammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)17,583
Traill’s PassUttarakhand17,100
Zojila PassJammu and Kashmir  (Kashmir, Ladakh)12,400Kashmir & Ladakh

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