List of Important Passes in India PDF

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List of Important Passes in India

A mountain pass locally is the highest point on the route through a mountain range or over the ridge. It played an important role in trade, war, and migration. It also is known as notches, gaps, saddles, cols, hauses, bwlch (Welsh), bealach or brennig (Gaelic). Important passes are- Zoji La (Pass),Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass),Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass),Jalep La (Pass), etc.

Important Passes in India

• Zoji La (Pass)-It is in the Zaskar range of Jammu & Kashmir. The road route from Srinagar to Leh goes through this pass. It has been created by the Indus River.

• Banihal Pass-It is in Jammu & Kashmir. The National Highway NO.1 A that links Srinagar to Jammu goes through it. It has been created by the Indus River.

Shipki La (Pass)-It is in Himachal Pradesh. The road from Shimla to Tibet goes through this pass. The Satluj River flows through this pass.

• Bara-Lacha Pass-It is also in Himachal Pradesh. It links Mandi and Leh by road.

Rohtang Pass-It is also in Himachal Pradesh. It cuts through the Pir Panjal range. It links Manali and Leh by road.

• Mana Pass-It is in Uttarakhand. The land route to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

Niti Pass-It is also in Uttarakhand. The road to the Kailash and the Manasarovar passes through it.

• Nathu La (Pass)-It is in Sikkim. It gives way to Tibet from Darjeeling and Chumbi valley.

• Jalep La (Pass)-It is also in Sikkim and gives way to Bhutan.  The Tista River has created this pass.

Mountain Passes in India

Name State Height (ft) Between/ Separating
Asirgarh Madhya Pradesh
Auden’s Col Uttarakhand 17,552
Banihal Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir) 9,291 Jammu & Kashmir
Bara-lacha-la Himachal Pradesh 16,400
Bomdila Arunachal Pradesh
Changla Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 17,585 Leh & Changthang
Chanshal Pass Himachal Pradesh 14,830
Dehra Compass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Debsa Pass Himachal Pradesh 17,520
Diphu Pass Arunachal Pradesh 4,587
Dongkhala Sikkim 12,000
Dhumdhar Kandi Pass Uttarakhand
Fotu La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 13,451
Goecha La Sikkim 16,207
Haldighati Pass Rajasthan
Indrahar Pass Himachal Pradesh 14,473
Jelep La Sikkim 14,300
Khardung La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 17,582 Leh & Nubra
Kongka Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 16,965 Ladakh & Aksai Chin
Lanak Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 17,933 Ladakh & Tibet
Kunzum Pass Himachal Pradesh (Lahaul and Spiti) 14,931 Lahaul & Spiti
Karakoram Pass Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) Ladakh & Xinjiang
Lipulekh Pass Uttarakhand 17,500
Lungalacha La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 16,600
Lamkhaga Pass Himachal Pradesh 17,336
Marsimik La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 18,314
Mayali Pass Uttarakhand 16,371
Nama Pass Uttarakhand 18,399
Namika La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 12,139
Nathu La Sikkim 14,140 Sikkim & Tibet
Palakkad Gap Kerala 750 Kerala & Tamil Nadu
Thamarassery Pass Wayanad Kerala 1,700 Malabar & Mysore
Shenkottai pass Kollam Kerala 690 Travancore & Tamil Nadu
Pensi La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Rezang La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Rohtang Pass Himachal Pradesh 13,051 Manali & Lahaul
Sasser la Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 17,753 Nubra & Siachen Glacier
Sela Pass Arunachal Pradesh 14,000
Shipki La Himachal Pradesh
Sia La Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier) 18,337
Shingo La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Spangur Gap Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)
Gyong La Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier) 18,655
Bilafond La Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier) 17,881
Sin La Uttarakhand
Tanglang La Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh) 17,583
Traill’s Pass Uttarakhand 17,100
Zojila Pass Jammu and Kashmir  (Kashmir, Ladakh) 12,400 Kashmir & Ladakh

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