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Industrial Relations and Labour Welfare MCQ
A number of complex legal relationships fall under the heading of industrial relations, including the legal status, rights, and obligations of trade unions and employers’ organizations, collective bargaining and collective agreements, the representation of employees at plant and enterprise level (including joint consultation and, where it exists, code termination and other forms of workers’ participation in management, even to the extent of workers’ representation on company boards), and the prevention and settlement of various types of labour disputes in general and of strikes and lockouts in particular. Regarding such matters as the representative character and capacity of trade unions, their legal status, the obligation to recognize and bargain with them, the enforceability of collective agreements, the scope of activities permitted to trade unions, and their obligations in contract and tort, there are wide variations both in the extent to which they are subject to legal rules and in the content of such rules.
Labour welfare relates to taking care of the well-being of workers by employers, trade unions, governmental and non-governmental institutions and agencies. Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages.
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