National Health Programmes

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National Health Programmes

A program intended to improve and promote health and fitness that’s usually offered through the workplace, although insurance plans can offer them directly to their enrollees. Human health not only influenced the immunity of society, but also social structures, culture, politics, and economics. The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is instrumental and responsible for implementation of various programs on a national scale in the areas of health, prevention, and control of major communicable diseases and promotion of traditional and indigenous systems of medicines.

National Health Policy, 2017, is to inform, clarify, strengthen and prioritize the role of the Government in shaping health systems in all its dimensions- investment in health, organization and financing of healthcare services, prevention of diseases and promotion of good health through cross sectoral action, access to technologies, developing human resources, encouraging medical pluralism, building the knowledge base required for better health, financial protection strategies and regulation and progressive assurance for health.

National Health Programmes in India

National Health Programmes Year of launched Objective/Description
National Cancer Control Programme 1975 Primary prevention of cancers by health education regarding
hazards of tobacco consumption and necessity of genital hygiene for prevention of cervical cancer, etc.
National Program for Prevention and Control of Deafness (NPPCD) —- To prevent the avoidable hearing loss on account of disease or injury, etc.
District Mental Health Program (NMHP) 1982 To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of population.
National Cancer Registry Programme 1982 To provide true information on cancer prevalence and incidence.
National Leprosy Eradication Program started in 1955, launched in 1983 To arrest the disease activity in all the known cases of leprosy.
Universal Immunization Program (UIP) 1985 To achieve self-sufficiency in vaccine production and the manufacture of cold-chain equipment for storage purpose, etc.
National Vector Borne Disease Control Program —- For the prevention and control of vector borne diseases
National Tobacco Control Program 2007 Preventing the initiation of smoking among young people, educating, motivating and assisting smokers to quit smoking, etc.
National Program of Health Care for the Elderly (NPHCE) 2010 To provide preventive, curative and rehabilitative services to the elderly persons at various level of health care delivery system of the country, etc.

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