Physics Lab Equipment List

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Physics Lab Equipment List

Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves.

The specific equipment needed for a particular experiment depends on the nature of the experiment and the branch of physics being studied. Physics lab equipment encompasses a wide range of instruments and apparatus used for conducting experiments and measurements in various fields of physics.

Physics Lab Equipment List

Equipment Description
Balance Used for measuring mass, typically in grams. Various types include beam balances, electronic balances, and analytical balances.
Thermometer Measures temperature in Celsius or Fahrenheit. Different types include mercury, alcohol, and digital thermometers.
Microscope Used for magnifying small objects or specimens. Types include optical microscopes, electron microscopes, and scanning probe microscopes.
Spectrometer Used for measuring the properties of light such as intensity, wavelength, and polarization. Common types include prism spectrometers, diffraction grating spectrometers, and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers.
Calorimeter Measures the heat exchanged in a chemical reaction or physical process.
Voltmeter Measures voltage in an electric circuit.
Ammeter Measures current in an electric circuit.
Ohmmeter Measures resistance in an electric circuit.
Oscilloscope Displays and analyzes the waveform of electronic signals.
Geiger Counter Detects ionizing radiation such as alpha, beta, and gamma radiation.
Laser Used for various applications including spectroscopy, interferometry, and optical trapping.
Force Sensor Measures force or weight exerted on an object.
Pipette Used for accurately measuring and transferring small volumes of liquid.
Centrifuge Separates components of a mixture based on their density using centrifugal force.
Magnetic Field Sensor Measures the strength and direction of magnetic fields.
Ultrasonic Cleaner Uses ultrasonic waves to clean laboratory equipment.
Power Supply Provides a controlled electrical voltage and current output for experiments involving electrical circuits.
Ruler Used for measuring length of objects.
Vernier Caliper Used for measuring width and diameter of objects with higher precision.
Micrometer Used for measuring diameter of small objects with very high precision.
Newton’s Cradle Demonstrates the conservation of momentum and energy.
Inclined Plane Used to demonstrate principles of forces and motion.
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Physics Lab Equipment List

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