Mineral Resources of India

❴SHARE THIS PDF❵ FacebookX (Twitter)Whatsapp

Mineral Resources of India

Hello, Friends today we are sharing with you the Mineral Resources of India PDF to help you. If you are searching Mineral Resources of India in PDF format then don’t worry you have arrived at the right website and you can directly download from the link given at the bottom of this page. In this, you can check the different types of mineral resources of India.

A mineral is a natural substance of organic or inorganic origin with definite chemical and physical properties. India is endowed with a rich variety of mineral resources due to its varied geological structure. The bulk of the valuable minerals are products of the pre-palaezoic age. The mineral resources provide the country with the necessary base for industrial development. In this chapter, we shall discuss the availability of various types of mineral and energy resources in the country.

Types of Mineral Resources

  1. Metallic Mineral 
    1. Ferrous (e.g- Iron, Manganese, etc)
    2. Non Ferrous (e.g- Copper, Bauxite, etc)
  2. Non-Metallic Mineral
    1. Fuel Mineral (e.g- Coal, Petroleum, Natural Gas, etc)
    2. Other Non- Metallic Mineral (e.g-Mica, Limestone, Graphite, etc)

Major Minerals in India UPSC

Different minerals embedded in rocks make up the earth’s crust. After adequate refining, metals are extracted from these minerals. Minerals are made up of homogeneous components. But rocks are usually made up of numerous minerals in various proportions. Only some rocks, such as limestone, are made up entirely of a single mineral.

Minerals can be found in the cracks, fissures, faults, and joints of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Veins are the lesser occurrences, whereas lodes are the bigger ones. To know more about minerals in India for IAS Exam, keep reading.

List of Major Minerals in India

Below mentioned are some major minerals of India important for UPSC 2022:

  • Uranium
  • Coal
  • Gold
  • Iron ore
  • Lead
  • Zinc
  • Magnesium
  • Tungsten
  • Diamond
  • Feldspar
  • Quartz
  • Mica

Major Mineral Producing States in India According to the Mineral Belts

In India, the majority of metallic minerals are found in ancient crystalline rocks on the peninsular plateau. Over 97% of coal deposits are found in the Damodar, Sone, Mahanadi, and Godavari basins. Petroleum deposits are found in the Assam, Gujarat, and Mumbai High sedimentary basins (located offshore in the Arabian Sea). In the Krishna-Godavari and Kaveri basins, new deposits have been discovered. In India, minerals are concentrated in three large areas. There may be a few solitary occasional deposits here and there.

  • Plateau Region, North-Eastern India: Chhotanagpur (Jharkhand), the Odisha Plateau, West Bengal, and sections of Chhattisgarh are included in this region. It has a wide range of minerals, including iron ore, coal, manganese, bauxite, and mica.
  • The South-Western Plateau: This belt runs across Karnataka, Goa, and the uplands of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Bauxite and ferrous metals are abundant in this zone. However, there’s also high-grade iron ore, manganese, and limestone in there. Except for Neyveli lignite, this area is densely packed with coal reserves. The mineral deposits in this area are not as diverse as those in the north-eastern belt. Kerala possesses monazite and thorium resources, as well as bauxite clay. Iron ore reserves are found in Goa.
  • The North-Western Region: Minerals related to the Dharwar system of rocks are found along the Aravali mountains. Copper and zinc have always been important minerals. Rajasthan is abundant in construction materials such as sandstone, granite, and marble. There are also large reserves of gypsum and fuller earth. The cement industry uses dolomite and limestone found in this region as raw materials. Gujarat is well-known for its oil and gas reserves. Both Gujarat and Rajasthan have huge salt reserves.
  • The Himalayan belt is known to have copper, lead, zinc, cobalt, and tungsten reserves. Mineral oil resources can be found in the Assam valley. Offshore locations along the Mumbai coast are also rich in oil resources (Mumbai High).

Mineral Resources of India

You can download the Mineral Resources of India PDF using the link given below.

2nd Page of Mineral Resources of India PDF
Mineral Resources of India

Mineral Resources of India PDF Free Download

REPORT THISIf the purchase / download link of Mineral Resources of India PDF is not working or you feel any other problem with it, please REPORT IT by selecting the appropriate action such as copyright material / promotion content / link is broken etc. If this is a copyright material we will not be providing its PDF or any source for downloading at any cost.