List of Diseases and Their Causes PDF

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List of Diseases and Their Causes

Any condition which interferes with the normal functioning of the body is called a disease. In other words, the disease may be defined as a disorder in the physical, physiological, psychological, or social state of a person caused due to nutritional deficiency, physiological disorder, genetic disorder, pathogen, or any other reason.

A Disease is a condition that is abnormal and negatively affects the structure and functioning of organs or tissues or parts of a living organism. It has to be noted that it is not due to any immediate external injury and disease is a medical condition that has specific signs and symptoms.

List of Diseases and Their Causes

List of Diseases Causes of Disease (CausativeAagent)
Plague Pasteurella pestis
Chickenpox Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV)
Meningoencephalitis Naegleria fowleri (amoeba)
Cholera Vibrio Comma (Vibrio cholera)
Anthrax Bacillus anthracis
Tetanus Clostridium tetani
Whooping Cough Bordetella pertussis
Human Papillomavirus infection Human Papillomavirus
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Hepatitis Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis D, Hepatitis E Viruses

Types of Diseases

  • Infectious Diseases: Diseases that spread from one person to another are called communicable diseases. They are usually caused by microorganisms called pathogens (fungi, rickettsia, bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and worms). When an infected person discharges bodily fluids, pathogens may exit the host and infect a new person (sneezing, coughing etc). Examples include Cholera, chickenpox, malaria, etc.
  • Non-infectious Diseases: These diseases are caused by pathogens, but other factors such as age, nutritional deficiency, gender of an individual, and lifestyle also influence the disease. Examples include hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. They do not spread to others and they restrain within a person who has contracted them. Alzheimer’s disease, asthma, cataract, and heart disease are other non-infectious diseases.

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List of Diseases and Their Causes

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